• Odeen Ishmael’s published books
  • Odeen Ishmael’s published books
  • Odeen Ishmael’s published books
  • Odeen Ishmael’s published books
  • Odeen Ishmael’s published books
  • Odeen Ishmael’s Published Books

The Trail of Diplomacy - Volume Two



The Trail of Diplomacy

The Trail of Diplomacy’s second volume continues where the first volume left off. As it is, it further examines the evolved political events, including the sporadic Venezuelan infringements of Guyana’s territorial integrity and the pursuit of diplomacy by both countries, resulting eventually in 1966 to a formal agreement at Geneva aimed at seeking a practical settlement of the “controversy” arising from Venezuela’s contention of the nullity of the arbitral award. A subsidiary protocol to suspend the search for a settlement was signed in Port of Spain in 1970, but the succeeding 12-year period was characterized by a succession of bilateral political interplay, resulting in Venezuela’s decision to terminate this pact in 1982.

As a documentary history, this publication brings to light numerous historical documents, previously not widely available, and reveals the diplomatic actions by Venezuela, Great Britain and Guyana during much of the twentieth century. “This history is appropriate at the current time since the border controversy currently existing is raised from time to time by the Venezuela, Guyanese and even the international media,” Ishmael adds.


    

Odeen Ishmael’s published books Odeen Ishmael’s published books Odeen Ishmael’s published books